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Luxor ABC 1600

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By this time had IBM and Microsoft's DOS established itself, and Luxor realized that it would be difficult to continue with the old 800-series and the Zilog-based computers with the Basic interpreter or C/PM. The future was probably in Unix. Therefore Luxor took up a 16-bit motorola-based platform on which they could connect their ABC 800 machines. Of course, it became a modified version of Unix, which they called ABCenix (later Dnix) and the computer were called ABC 1600.

ABC 1600 was actually built in the same, slightly modified chassis as the mass memory unit ABC 1656 had. As ABC 1600 used a kind of window technology, there was a new keyboard with a arrow key (cursor positioner was the past language), 15 function keys and input for a mouse (or R-8, which is rat in Swedish). There were a hard disk and a 5,25" disk drive. The hard drive was actually an option, the most common choice, because there were two versions available, with or without the mass memory unit. At the rear there was plenty of connectivity by four slots and dual RS-232C entrances.

The screen had an impressive resolution of 1024 x 768 pixels. It was quite a lot of its time. Not only that - it was possible to switch between landscape and portrait by turning the screen. If you did not want to have the computer unit visible, it was possible to connect the keyboard directly to the screen instead.

Unfortunately, the hard disk space was to stingy. Luxor went, eventually, to call ABC 1600 for an advanced "stand alone" machine, when they realized that it did not manage to be a workstation with multiple terminals. Totally it was sold about 400 units, and it may probably be regarded as a flop.

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Former owner: Jämtlands Läns Landsting, via Anders Wedlund, Frösön

Technical data

Year 1985
Origin Sweden
Manufacturer Luxor
Name ABC 1600
CPU Motorola 68008
Speed 8 Mhz
OS ABCenix, later Dnix
I/O ports RS 232C x 2, keyboard, external disk (floppy unit), screen, printer, 4 expansions, TV
Text modes Portrait - 73 lines x 80 characters, matrix 7 x 9
Landscape - 25 lines x 80 characters, matrix 9 x 13
Graphic modes 1024 - 768
Colours Monochrome
Sound beep
Built in media Hard drive 12,8 MB, later 20 MB, 5,25" 640 KB disk drive
Power supply Built-in