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Datasalen
A museum of old computers


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In this chronological timeline you can see some of the milestones that have passed through the years. It is both computer models that exist in the museum and such memorable computers that hopefully can be found here soon, as well as other events of importance. For example, when a certain processor or any operating system was introduced.

In order to easily see what is what, there is a color mark as follows;

computers in the museum is green
computers in my wishlist is red
Other hardware is blue
Program is orange
Everything else is black

Since I don't know when during a year a certain event took place, you can find computers and other things in alphabetic order for the respective years.

1805   The Jacquardmachin, a punch-card controlled loom invented by the frenchman Joseph-Marie Jacquard
     
1822   Engelsman Charles Babbage constructed a mechanical difference engine
     
1906   The first radio tube
     
1911   Several companies where merged into Computing Tabulating Recording Company, which was transformed to IBM, International Business Machines Corporation 1924
     
1924   IBM - see above
     
1944   Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC), called the Mark I in collaboration between Harvard University and IBM
     
1946   ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer), was the first general-purpose electronic computer
     
1947   The invention of the first transistor
     
1949   EDSAC, Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator, in Cambridge, England, perhaps the first real computer.
SEAC, Standards Eastern Automatic Computer, in Washington, USA
     
1950   BARK (Binär Automatisk Relä Kalkylator(Binary Automatic Relay Calculator)) at KTH in Stockholm
     
1951   UNIVAC (U N I Versal A utomatic C omputer I ), the first commersial computor
     
1953   BESK (Binary Electronical Sequence Calculator) at KTH in Stockholm was for a while the fastest computer in the world
     
1956   SARA (Saabs Räkne-Automat (Saabs Calculating-Automat)), electron tube equipped was for a while the fastest computer in Europe
SMIL (Siffermaskinen I Lund(Calculatin Machine In Lund, Sweden))
     
1962   The transistorised D21 by Datasaab was launched. A total of 30 items were sold.
     
1965   Moore´s law on the doubling of the number of transistors on an integrated circuit (CPU) every two years (later revised to every 18 months)
     
1966   The D22 by Datasaab with integrated circuits was launched. A total of 70 items were sold.
     
1969   ARPANET. Communication between four supercopiters. Many believes that the Internet was born out of ARPANET
     
1970   Service of notes (and gossip) via the ARPANET. The seed to e-mail was sown.
     
1971   CP/M operating system was written by Gary Kildall
Intel 4004, the first CPU
NCP, Network Control Protocol, began to be used on the ARPANET
     
1972  

Atari is based by Nolan Bushnell
D23 by Datasaab was launched
Intel 8008
Micral, french (!) non-kit computer, with Intel 8008
Pong, the world's first commersial video games

     
1973   Datainspektionen (The Data Inspection Board in Sweden) was set up to give permission for and oversee the establishment of different personal registers.
Datalagen and Datakungörelsen (The data law and the data notification in Sweden) was established to protect individuals against the unauthorised intrusion of privacy.
England and Norway joined the ARPANET
Scelbi-8H, micro computer kit
     
1974   Intel 8080
Mark-8, article on how to build a microcomputer
TCP, Transmission Control Protocol, the first specification published
     
1975   Altair Sphere 8800, the first "home computer" (?)
BASIC was written by Bill Gates and his teacher Paul Allen to the Altair 8800
IMSAI 8080 Link
Microsoft founded by Bill Gates and the teacher Paul Allen
MOS 6501
MOS 6502
     
1976   Apple Computer founded by Stephen Wozniak and Steve Jobs
Apple I
MOS Technology KIM-1 Link
Rockwell AIM 65 Link
Zilog Z80
     
1977   Apple II
Commodore PET 2001 Link
Tandy Radio Shack TRS-80
Telercas Telmac 1800 (Finnish !! computer kit) Link
     
1978   Atari 400 o 800, introduced. However, sold -79
Epson MX-80, matrix printer
Intel 8086
Luxor ABC 80 Link
Motorola 68000
     
1979   Acorn Atom Link
Apple ][ plus Link
Atari 400
Atari 800
Link
Commodore PET 200 Link
Texas Instruments TI-99/4A Link
Visicalc, the first spreadsheet
     
1980   Commodore PET 4032 Link
Philips P2000T Link
Sinclair ZX80 Link
     
1981   Commodore VIC20 Link
IBM PC in cooperation with IBM and Microsoft
Osborne 1 Link
Sinclair ZX81 Link
     
1982   Applied Technologies Microbee Link
Commodore 64 Link
Dragon 32 Link
EACA Colour Genie EG 2000 Link
Epson HX-20
Link
Intel 80286

Lambda 8300 Link
Luxor ABC 800 Link
Sinclair ZX Spectrum Link
Sord M5 Link
     
1983   Acorn Electron Link
Apple IIe
Link
Apple Lisa

Atari 600 XL Link
Atari 800 XL Link
Casio FP-1000 & FP-1100 Link
Commodore PET 700 Link
Compaq Portable
Ericsson Step One Link
Facit DTC Link
IBM and Microsoft begin cooperation on OS/2
IBM PC Junior
IBM PC XT
Link
Jet Computer Jet 80 Link
Kaypro 10 Link
Lotus 1-2-3

Luxor ABC 802
Link
Luxor ABC 806 Link
PC nominated to man of the year!! by Time magazine
Sharp MZ-700 Link
Sharp PC-5000 Link
Spectravideo SV 318 Link
Spectravideo SVI 328 Link
V-tech Laser 200 Link
V-tech Laser 210 Link
Tandy Radio Shack TRS-80 Model 100 Link
TCP/IP on the internet instead of the previous NCP
Toshiba HX-10 Link
Tomy Tutor
     
1984   Apple Macintosh with GUI, Graphical User Interface in an attentioned commersial
Commodore 116 Link
Commodore 16 Link
Commodore plus/4 Link
Commodore SX-64 Link
Dell, Michel, starting a mail order company from his student apartment
DNS, Domain Name System, is introduced on the Internet
Epson PX4 Link
Epson PX8 Link
Ericsson PC Link
GoldStar FC200 Link
Motorola 68020
Oric Atmos 48K Link
Panasonic JB 3300 Link
Philips VG 8020 Link
Sharp PC-5500 Link
Sinclair QL Link
Sinclair ZX Spectrum+ Link
Sony Hit Bit HB-75P Link
Spectravideo SVI 728 Link
     
1985  

Aldus PageMaker (later Adobe PageMaker)
Amstrad PCW 8256
Link
Apple LaserWriter
Atari 65XE Link
Atari 130XE Link
Atari 520 STFM Link
Commodore 128 Link
Commodore 128D Link
Commodore Amiga 1000 Link
Ericsson computers fails roughly in the U.S.
Eriksson Portable PC Link
Intel 80386
Luxor ABC 1600 Link
Microsoft Windows 1.0

Schneider CPC464 Link
Sinclair ZX Spectrum+ 128K Link
Telenova Compis I Link
Zenith ZF-171-42 Link

     
1986   Amstrad PC 1512 DD Link
Apple Macintosh Plus Link
Bondwell 8 Link
Bondwell PRO8T Link
Compaq Portable II Link
IBM Convertible 5140 Link
     
1987   Apple Macintosh SE Link
Atari 1040 STFM Link
Atari MEGA ST2 Link
Commodore Amiga 500 Link
Motorola 68030
Sinclair ZX Spectrum +3 Link
Toshiba T1200 Link
Toshiba T3100 Link
Toshiba T3200 Link
     
1988   Amstrad PPC 640 Link
Cambridge Z88 Link
Compaq SLT/286 Link
Daewoo Perfect Link
Tetris from Spectrum Holobyte introduced
     
1989   Apple Macintosh IIci Link
Apple Macintosh IIcx Link
Apple Macintosh Classic Link
Apple Macintosh Portable Link
Apple Macintosh SE/30 Link
Atari Portfolio, the first hand-held computer
Link
Epson Q150A Portable Link
Intel 80486
Toshiba T1000SE Link
Victor V86P Link
     
1990   Apple Macintosh IIsi Link
Apple Macintosh LC Link
Sound Blaster Pro Delux, the first stereo soundcard
Toshiba T5200 Link
Windows 3.0
Zenith SupersPORT 386SX Link
     
1991   Apple Macintosh Classic II Link
Apple Powerbook 100 Link
Apple Powerbook 170 Link
Atari MEGA STe Link
IBM PS/2 L40SX (8543-044) Link
IBM PS/2 Note N33SX (8533-W14) Link
Microsoft DOS 5.0 with many news
QuickTime
     
1992   Amstrad Notepad NC100 Link
Apple Macintosh IIvx Link
Apple Macintosh LC II Link
Apple Macintosh Performa 400 Link
Apple Powerbook Duo 230 Link
Commodore Amiga 600 Link
Commodore Amiga 1200 Link
Windows 3.1
     
1993   Apple Macintosh LC 475 Link
Apple Macintosh LC III Link
Apple Macintosh Performa 450 Link
Apple Newton
Intel Pentium
     
1994   Compaq Contura Aero 4/25 Link
Netscape Navigator in beta-version
     
1995   Internet café at Hogia, one of the first in Sweden
Microsoft Internet Explorer
Windows 95
     
1996   USB 1.0 was launched
Windows CE for hand-held computers
     
1997   Intel Pentium II
     
1998   Apple iMac, the first computer to offer USB ports
Windows 98
     
1999   Apple iMac in five translucent colors and a round mouse
Intel Pentium III
The Y2K bug haunt around the corner
 
Is there any errors? e-mail and correct me!